More Dutch Personal Pronouns

Personal Pronouns usually refer to living beings. The shape depends on the person and number (the first, second or third person, and singular or plural), of the function in the sentence (as the pronoun is the subject of the sentence, the shape is different than when it has a different function ), or the shape is emphasized or not (the 'full and reduced forms) and gender (masculine, feminine, neuter).

Person Subject form
1st singular ik
2nd singular jij/je, u
3rd singular hij,zij, het
1st plural wij/we
2nd plural jullie
3rd plural zij/ze

Dutch Personal Pronouns
Regarding objects, the pronoun het is used for nouns in the singular which are neutral (het-words), hij is used for singular masculine nouns and feminine "de words", and zij or ze are used for plural nouns.
The Dutch people will hardly ever point to an object using the personal pronoun zij/ze as is often seen in English.
For example when the IT technician says to the client “I took a look at your computer and she works OK now.”
Commonly, in Dutch we use the subject pronoun hij or het where English would use it.

  • Waar is de tas? Het ligt in mijn auto.
    Where is the bag? It’s in my car.
  • Hoe lang is je tuin? Hij is 500 meter lang.
    How long is your garden? It is 500 meter long.
  • Hoe smaakt het medicijn? Hij smaakt bitter.
    How does the medicine taste? It tastes bitter.
  • Wat kost de patat? Het kost 2 euro.
    How much are the fries They’re 2 euro.

The forms ie and die  (often pronounced tie) are used only in informal language immediately after a verb: "Hoe gaat ie ?" "Dat zal die wel niet meer doen "
Het is be a personal pronoun in sentences like "Weet jij waar mijn boek is? Nee ik heb het niet gezien" / "Do you know where my book is? No, I have not seen it. " Because the word is almost always pronounced as [ut], it has to be regarded as the reduced form.\

The subjectform is besides the subject also used as a form and as a nominal part of the predicate.

  • Zij gaan in Maart op vakantie.
  • Mijn zus is drie jaar jonger dan ik.
  • Jij daar, kom binnen!
  • 't Is een speciaal iemand, dat is-ie. (ie is naamwoordelijk deel)
  • Dat is oma, en dat is oom Hans, en dat ben jij. (jij is naamwoordelijk deel)